Who are the biggest pumpkin producers in Europe?
On the occasion of yesterday’s Halloween and at the time of the pumpkin harvest, Eurostat publishes data for the largest pumpkin producers with Poland in first place followed by Spain, France, Portugal and the ‘Germany.
According to data, in 2020 around 31,000 hectares across the EU were devoted to their cultivation and other types of squash, and around 760,000 tonnes were harvested.
Around 85% of all pumpkins and gourds in the EU were produced in just five Member States in 2020: Poland (with 163,900 tonnes), Spain (143,850 tonnes), France (126,230 tonnes), Portugal (121,060 tonnes) and Germany (86,890 tonnes).
Regarding imports and exports, these were lower in relation to production. In 2020, the EU imported 48,841 tonnes of pumpkins, squash and squash from abroad, 57% more than in 2019. The highest share of imports in 2020 came from South Africa (24% ), followed by Morocco (12%), Brazil. (11%) and Argentina (10%).
Halloween or Hallowe’en (contraction of “All Hallows’ evening”), less commonly known as Allhalloween, All Hallows’ Eve, or All Saints’ Eve, is a holiday observed in many countries on October 31, the eve of the Western Festival. Christian of All Saints’ Day. It begins the observance of Allhallowtide, the time of the liturgical year dedicated to the remembrance of the dead, including saints (sanctifications), martyrs and all the deceased.
One theory holds that many Halloween traditions were influenced by Celtic harvest festivals, particularly the Gaelic Samhain festival, which is said to have pagan roots; some go further and suggest that Samhain may have been Christianized like All Saints Day, as well as its eve, by the early Church. Other academics believe that Halloween started out only as a Christian holiday, being All Saints’ Eve.
Celebrated in Ireland and Scotland for centuries, Irish and Scottish migrants brought many Halloween customs to North America in the 19th century, and then thanks to American influence, Halloween spread to other countries to late 20th and early 21st century.
Halloween activities include treats (or the associated guising and souling), attending Halloween costume parties, carving pumpkins into lantern pumpkins, lighting bonfires, playing apples, playing fortune-telling games , play pranks, visit haunted attractions, tell scary stories, as well as watch horror movies.
For some people, Christian religious observances of All Saints’ Day, including attending church services and lighting candles at the graves of the dead, remain popular, although for others it is a secular celebration. Some Christians have historically abstained from meat on All Saints’ Eve, a tradition reflected in the consumption of certain vegetarian foods on the vigil, including apples, potato cakes and soul cakes.