Spain: Foreign residents hit the six million mark for the first time in 2021
More foreigners are living in Spain in recent years, with the foreign population in Spain growing by one million since 2018, marking the highest record of six million by the end of 2021, authorities reveal.
According to the Spanish Ministry of Inclusion, Social Services and Migration, the increase in migration was evident even before the pandemic, with more than 207,000 foreigners becoming Spanish residents in 2021. In addition, the number of nationals from third countries obtaining Spanish residence permits jumped 3.6% in 2021, SchengenVisaInfo.com reports.
In addition, 58 percent of the foreign resident population (58 percent) comes from other EU Member States, while 2.34 million come from third countries. Additionally, the remaining residents are Britons falling under the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement – which marks the UK’s exit from the European Union.
Data from Statista shows that more UK nationals are becoming Spanish residents, as 313,975 of them were living in Spain in 2021 – marking an increase of 4.4% compared to 2020.
Brexit appears to have fueled Britons’ desire to live in an EU member state, with the number of British nationals living in Spain increasing by 9.5% between 2019 (286,753) and 2020 (300,640) – to 313,975 in 2021.
Among the nationality groups of foreign residents, Romanians represent the largest share since 1.09 million are now Spanish residents, followed by Moroccans (830,000), British (407,000), Italians (377,000), Chinese (230,000), Bulgarians (202,000), French (185,000). ) and the Germans (185,000). Moreover, the average age of foreigners is 40 years old and the majority of them are men (52%).
Overall, the foreign resident population in Spain has increased by 19% over the past five years, with approximately one million more residents than in 2016. However, the ministry report notes that fewer Venezuelan migrants are becoming residents. Spanish, because the rates have fallen. from a 53% increase in 2020 to just 7%. On the other hand, the Colombians marked a record increase in the matter last year.
Around 77% of third-country nationals residing in Spain have long-term authorizations and 23% have temporary residence documents, with 33% of the latter granting such documents through work, family reunification (22%), non- lucrative residence (12%) and humanitarian causes (33%).
The increase in migration rates in Spain was noticed even last year, as reflected in the phenomenon in data from the National Institute of Statistics. According to the latter, 126,266 people became Spanish citizens in 2020 – 27.6% more than the previous year.
Romanians, Italians, Portuguese and Poles made up the main EU nationalities to become Spanish residents in 2020, with thousands opting for residency in the Iberian country.