Mexico Independence Day 2022: History, Meaning and Celebrations
Mexico is one of the largest countries in the world and it is also the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world with a population of over 127 million.
Mexico celebrates its Independence Day each year on September 16, the day commemorating Mexico’s declaration of independence from Spain in 1810, which resulted in a decade-long Mexican War of Independence that Mexico eventually won and gained independence.
People of Mexican descent around the world commemorate this very important event in the history of their country when a courageous priest from the village of Dolores rang the bell of his church and gave a powerful speech in which he declared independence. of Mexico vis-à-vis Spain and called on people to act for independence. .
|Event||Mexican Independence Day|
|Date||September 16, 2022|
|Importance||The holiday commemorates Mexico’s declaration of independence from Spain in 1810|
History of Mexican Independence Day:
During the pre-Columbian period, many city-states, kingdoms, and empires competed for power and prestige. It can be said that ancient Mexico produced five great civilizations which are the Olmecs, Mayas, Teotihuacan, Toltecs and Aztecs.
And before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, it was the Aztec Empire that controlled a vast territory of modern Mexico. Then, after various wars and conflicts between the Spanish and Native American kingdoms, the Spanish finally captured Tenochtitlan, which marked the beginning of a 300-year colonial period from 1521 to 1821, during which Mexico was known as name of “New Spain”.
Mexico’s colonial period was considered very harsh by the Spaniards as the indigenous population was oppressed, agricultural lands and personal wealth were confiscated, and only Spaniards were allowed to hold political office. So really, it was considered a very dark period in Mexican history.
Finally, a Catholic priest from the town of Dolores named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla took one final step. On September 16, 1810, he rang his church bell and delivered a speech now known as the Grito de Dolores (Cry of Dolores), demanding an end to Spanish rule of Mexico. This sparked the brutal Mexican War of Independence, which lasted over a decade.
He was able to do this because Spain was already weakened in Europe as France under Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808 which led to a bloody conflict between the Spaniards and the French which was even considered opportunistic among the Spanish colonies and inspired them to fight for their independence, which they obviously did.
So all of this culminated in a long 11-year Mexican War of Independence which began with this declaration of independence announcement on September 16, 1810 and lasted until September 27, 1821. And Mexico was able to win that war and thus the Spaniard lost his control. over the Viceroyalty of New Spain and this led to the formation of the first Mexican Empire as an independent country.
Today, Father Costilla is known as the father of Mexican independence for his immense contribution to the Mexican independence movement. Mexico’s Independence Day has been celebrated every year since that momentous day of September 16, 1810.
Meaning of Mexican Independence Day:
Mexico’s Independence Day has become a major national holiday over the past 200 years. The country’s leaders were inspired by the July 4 Independence Day celebrations of their American neighbors, so fireworks fill the sky at night and the day is filled with patriotic speeches, flags, parades , live music, homemade treats and everything else. that you can imagine for Independence Day takes place on this day.
Like any other country, Independence Day holds a very special place in the hearts of Mexicans as it celebrates the spirit of Mexico and its people. It also reminds people of all the struggles that Mexico had to face to get its independence, because Mexicans had to fight a long fight for their independence with a lot of struggle.
It also functions as a memorial day for Mexicans to honor and honor their national heroes like Father Costilla and many other freedom fighters who gave their blood and sweat so that future Mexicans could experience their freedom. And so their contribution should never be forgotten and that is what Independence Day reminds us of.
This day also inspires and sensitizes the youth of today to never take their freedom for granted as that same freedom was denied to their ancestors for a very long time and they had to earn their freedom through bravery and resilience against the rulers cruel. It also reminds people of the cruel acts committed by the Spaniards against the Mexicans and the destruction and looting of Mexico by the Spaniards, which is why freedom should never be taken for granted.
He also gives a message of unity to all Mexicans so that no other foreign power can ever colonize them because the strength of Mexico lies in its people, so he asks all Mexicans to show brotherhood and unity to each other and to pledge to keep their country. always safe and secure.
All in all, it is a day of celebration of Mexico in which Mexicans celebrate their heritage, culture and cuisine with passion, enthusiasm, patriotism and love for their country and show the world who Mexicans really are. !
Mexican Independence Day Celebrations:
One of the most popular events related to Mexico’s Independence Day is when the President of Mexico rings the 200-year-old bell that Father Costilla used in 1810 and recites the Grito de Dolores speech in front of thousands of people. This event is broadcast live throughout the country via Mexican television and radio.
The colors of the day are those of the Mexican flag which are red, white and green and are seen all over the country with flowers and other decorations. Mexicans jubilantly whistle and honk and throw confetti to greet each other as a tradition, and crowds chant “Viva la independencia nacional!” and “Viva Mexico!” in the streets.
Mexico’s Independence Day is celebrated with festive fireworks, fiestas or parties, and lots of good food and music. During this, many colorful parades and floats take place all over the country, performed mainly by school children. And students also perform various traditional dance and music performances on this day in schools and public places.
Traditional mariachi music spice up the events with lively dancing. Of course, food is also one of the very important aspects of Independence Day celebrations, restaurants and street vendors sell traditional Mexican food on this day. Others prepare treats at home to serve at parties. Some of the most popular Mexican dishes today include tortillas, marzipan, pozole, menudo, queso fundido, chips, guacamole, tequila and of course tacos!
The celebrations of this incredible Independence Day finally come to an end with an incredible nighttime fireworks display. And it offers an incredible experience for spectators when the skies of Mexico light up with an incredible fireworks display.
Mexico Independence Day Most Searched FAQs:
1. When is Mexican Independence Day celebrated?
Mexico’s Independence Day is celebrated on September 16 every year.
2. From whom did Mexico gain its independence?
Mexico gained independence from Spain.
3. How many states are there in Mexico?
Mexico has 31 states with Mexico City as the federal district.